Agustín Díaz Ramírez and Timoteo Suchite de Rosa are two indigenous authorities from the community of Las Flores, municipality of Jocotán, department of Chiquimula. They are also members of the New Day Chorti Campesino Central Coordinator (CCCND). They played an important role in the leadership and resistance against the Tres Niñas S.A. hydroelectric project located on the Jupilingo River, when the municipal authorities of Jocotán granted a 50-year license to the JONBO Company (later known as TRES NIÑAS S.A.) in 2007. Through this license, more than 200 hectares of community land were given to the hydroelectric company. According to Guatemalan law and international standards, the company should have obtained the consent of the indigenous community before beginning work. The lack of recognition and respect for the collective rights of the Maya Ch'orti people over their lands and the lack of consultation are at the root of the conflict.
The legal process against both men began following the murder of Juan Carranza Suchite, on May 11, 2013 in front of the Catholic church in Las Flores. Prior to his death, Carranza Suchite had threatened to kill a leader of the indigenous council and fired his gun in the air. Although there were several witnesses who corroborated that Agustín and Timoteo were inside rather than outside the church, on June 18, 2013 they were held for four months in preventive detention, after which the judge granted them conditional release given the lack of evidence gathered by the MP. They were detained once more in January 2014, without any further evidence or a valid arrest warrant. The process of criminalization against them culminated in their sentencing on May 15, 2014 to six years in prison, for homicide in a tumultuous brawl, by the First Court of Criminal Sentencing, Narcoactivity and Crimes Against the Environment of the department of Chiquimula. After appealing for a two-year reduction of his sentence, the appeals court of Chiquimula decided that the sentence should be increased to a total of 25 years. Later, the CSJ changed the sentence to 15 years under the principle of "Reformatiu in Peius": that one should not be punished for an appeal and an appeal should not result in a higher sentence. There are clear irregularities of due process relating to lack of evidence, irregularities in the trial and direct threats from the company while the HRDs were in prison, with promises for their release if they were willing to sell the company their land. Agustín and Timoteo are currently in jail in Puerto Barrios, Izabal, awaiting a review of their case.