Justino Xollim is a community leader from Finca "La Primavera", municipality of San Cristóbal in the department of Alta Verapaz. He is also a member of the Union of Peasant Organizations Las Verapaces (UVOC). He was arrested on February 15, 2019 in Cobán when he appeared at the Public Prosecutor's Office (MP) to file a complaint for illegal logging against a logging company bordering his community. He was arrested on the basis of an arrest warrant based on an accusation against him (for the same crime he was about to denounce), raised by people linked to the logging company.

The company operating in the vicinity of Finca "La Primavera" is the timber corporation called "Madera Filitz." They handed over land titles for 15 caballerias to 279 families of the community La Primavera in 2015. This was the result of years of negotiation through roundtables for dialogue involving representatives of the community, the now-defunct Secretary of Agrarian Affairs (SAA), the company and the Azurdía family (who had sold land to the company). Justino Xollim was one of the leaders from La Primavera who participated in those negotiations with the aim of securing land rights for his community.

In August 2019, at the first plea hearing, Justino Xollim was indicted for crimes against forestry resources in the Chico and Saq'Ixim hamlets of the La Primavera community. The judge set a bail of 8,000 Quetzales that would allow him to await the debate under house arrest.

In the hearing of February 26, 2020, the Public Prosecutor's Office did not provide any new evidence against Justino, but only considered that as the legal representative of the community he was responsible for the crimes against forest resources. Judge Ricardo Caal Caal decided to give the MP six more months to investigate the case and withdrew the coercive measures against Justino, who was no longer obliged to sign in regularly at the National Civil Police (PNC) substation in San Cristobal. On September 17 and 20, 2020, Justino had two hearings in which the criminal prosecution of the charges for the crimes against forest resources in the Chico hamlet were dropped, but the charges for the same crimes in the Saq'ix'im hamlet were maintained. The beginning of the oral and public debate and the hearing in the latter case was delayed multiple times, and Justino Xollim had to live for three and a half years facing legal charges that exposed him to permanent insecurity.

In a hearing on August 11, 2022, in the Cobán Court, the trial against Justino Xollim culminated in a conviction for crimes against forest resources. He was sentenced to one year of commutable imprisonment at the rate of five quetzales per day and a fine of 60,566.30 quetzales which, if not paid, will be converted into simple imprisonment of one day for every 100 quetzales not paid. In addition, his voting rights were suspended and he was ordered to pay legal costs.

While he awaited his trial – facing highly questionable charges – the resulting insecurity was compounded by the impacts of the Eta and Iota hurricanes in the territory of La Primavera. Due to the multiple landslides caused by these storms, his house and agricultural production were damaged. The people of the community attribute the worsening of these negative impacts of the hurricanes to excessive logging by the logging company.

In the course of February 2023, Justino Xolli paid the fine of 60,566.30 Quetzals, sentenced as bail by the Cobán Court on August 11, 2022, and was released from the conviction for crimes against forest resources.