The Agreement on Socio-economic Aspects and the Agrarian Situation (1996) points out that a sustainable and lasting peace must be based on a socio-economic development oriented to the common good that responds to the needs of the entire population, in order to overcome poverty, extreme poverty, discrimination and social marginalization. The Peace Accords develop a set of guidelines to address the agrarian situation and rural development as well as a goal of transforming the structure of land tenure and use.

In 2017, more than 20 years after the signing of the peace deal, the structural problem; the unjust distribution of land, which generates high rates of poverty, malnutrition and exclusion, is even more pronounced than at the end of the war. The UNDP stated in 2017 that inequities, weak state institutions and land concentration continue to make it impossible to improve livelihoods.

Forced evictions have continued to be a central concern of rural organizations and communities in various regions of the country, even though families and communities are in the process of negotiating and dialogue with the government's agrarian institutions (Land Fund and Secretariat of Agrarian Affairs) to regulate their right to access the land.

In this thematic area we accompany the Veracruz Union of Peasant Organizations (UVOC), which advises communities that demand their right to land in a region where large estate landownership prevails.

From the La Mocca farm to the 12 Tz’ikin community: a story of unfinished struggle

Between 2006 and 2010, PBI accompanied 149 Q'eqchi' peasant families from Finca La Mocca, members of the Verapaz Union of Campesino Organizations (UVOC), in their struggle to have their right to access to land recognized. Thirteen years later, we met with these families once more to reflect on those times and learn about what happened after the land was handed over. 1


Campesino Committee of the Highlands (CCDA) of the Verapaces

Communities unionized in the Campesino Committee of the Highlands (CCDA) of the Verapaces struggle for their territory in spite of death threats and criminalization. Learn about the struggle of Don Lorenzo and Don Pedro of the Santa Elena Samanzana II community, Cobán, Alta Verapaz.

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