At the end of the semester, both the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) published their annual reports on progress and challenges in the area of human rights. In the IACHR report, Guatemala was included in the section that warns of situations and threats to human rights. Both reports point to an accelerated deterioration in terms of judicial independence, repression of minority groups, governance and an increase in attacks on human rights defenders, territorial and environmental defenders and journalists. The reports point to the identification of an alarming pattern of criminalization in a context of corruption and co-optation of institutions and justice.

The same data are confirmed by the report Guatemala: una deuda sin saldar, published in June 2022 by the Observatory (composed of the international organizations World Organization Against Torture OMCT and International Federation for Human Rights FIDH) and UDEFEGUA following an international mission carried out between March 24 and April 1, 2022. The report notes the registration of 156 attacks on human rights defenders in the first quarter of 2022 and highlights three aspects: i) the persecution and criminalization of anti-corruption justice operators, ii) the repression and racist criminalization against leaders and indigenous communities in defense of territory and natural resources, and iii) a series of legislative, political and judicial actions that have been closing civic space and consolidating an authoritarian regime.

Among the organizations accompanied by PBI in the department of Alta Verapaz alone, there are more than 1,000 arrest warrants against community leaders and there are communities with more than 40 arrest warrants. These people, in order not to risk being captured, remain in their communities without leaving, which prevents them from accessing health and education centers and local markets to sell their products, all of which contributes to their impoverishment and the precariousness of their lives and those of their families. In this regard, we note the case of María Cuc Choc, sentenced at the end of June 2022 to 2 years in prison, commutable to 2 years for aggravated usurpation. The defender was accused for an event recorded on December 19, 2016, an eviction against 58 Q'eqchí' families from the Chab'il Ch'och' community. Her community work as an interpreter from Mayan Q'eqchí' to Spanish on behalf of the evicted families was used by the company Lisbal, S.A., which accused her of usurping a farm that historically belonged to the community, for which she was falsely accused, according to the Mesoamerican Women Defenders Initiative IM-Defensoras.