The year 2022 began with the presentation of the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) for the year 2021 by the Transparency International coalition, represented in Guatemala by the organization Acción Ciudadana (AC). Guatemala results "one of the countries with the most significant and constant declines since 2012" having dropped from 91st place in 2012 to 150th place in 2021. Attacks on independent judges and NGOs, a Public Prosecutor's Office (MP) that obstructs investigations and authorities increasingly reluctant to fight corruption, are some of the factors that have positioned Guatemala at the bottom of this index. The document points out that since the departure of the International Commission Against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG), conditions in the country have worsened and that actions against independent justice operators have also been a factor that has weakened the fight against corruption, especially during the last two years.

Confirming this trend, during the first semester of 2022 we witnessed numerous attacks against justice operators: in February, the former legal representative of CICIG and the former prosecutors of the Special Prosecutor's Office Against Impunity (FECI) were arrested. In addition, the Supreme Court of Justice (CSJ) first removed the immunity of Judge Pablo Xitumul (who was part of the court that convicted Efraín Ríos Montt for genocide, former Vice President Roxana Baldetti for corruption and three retired military officers for the disappearance of the child Marco Antonio Molina Theissen during the Internal Armed Conflict CAI) and then removed him from his post as president of the First Court of Criminal Sentencing, Drug Trafficking and Crimes against the Environment with jurisdiction to hear High-Risk cases, Group C. Likewise, the Highest Risk Judge Erika Aifán resigned and went into exile and Judge Miguel Ángel Gálvez, in charge of the Diario Militar case, since June has been facing a request for impeachment filed against him by the Foundation Against Terrorism (FCT) and processed by the CSJ. The Unit for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders (UDEFEGUA) pointed out that these actions have the clear objective of "forcing into exile and punishing" independent justice operators. The Human Rights Ombudsman and several actors in the international community (U.S. State Department, the European Union, the UN and the IACHR) have pointed out that these actions obey a pattern of intimidation and revenge coming from the MP and the CSJ.

In addition to the operators of justice, community journalism has also received different attacks during the semester. Especially relevant has been the case of Carlos Ernesto Choc Chub, a journalist of Prensa Comunitaria, denounced along with 11 authorities of the Four Maya Q'eqchi Ancestral Councils, for events that allegedly occurred in October 2021 in El Estor in the context of the wave of violence and repression carried out by the State against those who have demanded the right to consultation and carried out protests against the activities of the Russian-Swiss mining company Solway Investement Group. According to Front Line Defenders, the complaint against the journalist and the ancestral authorities is directly related to the journalistic work of Carlos and Prensa Comunitaria as a whole and to the publication of the investigation "Mining Secrets", coordinated by the French organization Forbidden Stories, and published in March 2022 in more than 20 media outlets around the world. The investigation reveals that Solway Investement Group channels money to the PNC to carry out evictions of Q'eqchi' communities that the mining company has identified as opponents, "implementing surveillance strategies and bribes".

As a result of the situation described above, on April 7, 2022, the European Parliament (EP) issued a resolution on Guatemala, criticizing the judicial actions initiated by the CSJ and the Attorney General of Guatemala against judges, lawyers and independent prosecutors who investigate or prosecute criminal structures linked to high-level government officials and business owners. It also denounces the criminalization, detention and discrediting of the media and threats and acts of harassment against human rights defenders. The Guatemalan government categorically rejected the contents of this resolution and regretted not having been able to share its "version of Guatemala," affirming that in the country "there is democracy and the rule of law".

In this context, and despite the calls for attention issued by the national and international community regarding the lack of respect for due process throughout the selection process, as well as the inclusion of the current Attorney General and head of the MP in Washington's list of Antidemocratic and Corrupt Actors (in September 2021), on May 16, 2022, Consuelo Porras was reelected for 4 more years to hold the position she holds today. Different instances pointed out the nomination and election process as "flawed". In this regard, we point out the statement of the Spokesman for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy of the European Union, Peter Stano, or the tweet of MEP Tilly Metz.

The re-election of Porras was added to the popular discontent over the election process of the rector of the University of San Carlos (USAC), which has been described as fraudulent. The days following the appointment of the attorney general and the new rector of USAC, Walter Mazariegos, were marked by demonstrations of different sectors of the civil society rejecting both events and the general co-optation of State agencies.